Phosphorolytic cleavage of both ribo- and deoxyribonucleosides is a process of value to cells in that sugar phosphates are released from the nucleosidic linkage and these can then be utilized in energy-yielding degradative sequences. An example of a phosphate is sodium phosphate.Three different types of phosphates are known. and the phosphate of the next nucleotide. A single molecule of adenosine triphosphate (ATP) is a nucleotide derivative and is formed from a molecule of ribose, a molecule of adenine and three phosphate groups. livener / ˈlʌɪv(ə)nə / noun. In weakly-acid conditions, the dihydrogen phosphate ion (H2PO4) is most common. The result is a free-floating phosphate plus ADP, or adenosine diphosphate (meaning it only has two phosphate groups). The phosphate buffer consists of dibasic phosphate (HPO −− 4) and monobasic phosphate (H 2 PO − 4). They are continually excreted in the urine and feces and must be replaced in the diet. Un litre de bière renferme en moyenne 0 g 35 d'acide phosphorique à l'état de phosphates (Boullanger, Malt., brass., 1934, p.3). It was formerly known as 3-phosphoglycerate or phosphoglyceric acid (PGA). Learn phosphate biology with free interactive flashcards. (loosely) a salt or ester of phosphoric acid. Accessed 14 Dec. 2020. See the full definition for phosphate in the English Language Learners Dictionary, Nglish: Translation of phosphate for Spanish Speakers, Britannica English: Translation of phosphate for Arabic Speakers, Britannica.com: Encyclopedia article about phosphate. Phosphatase. The phospholipids are amphiphilic.The hydrophilic end usually contains a negatively charged phosphate group, and the hydrophobic end usually consists of two "tails" that are long fatty acid residues.. See more. Definition of Nucleotide; Characteristics; Components of Nucleotide; Nomenclature; Functions; Conclusion; Definition of Nucleotide. One of the components of an acyl phosphate is the phosphate group itself. The ministry dismissed both as emotional speculations, saying that we do not know at this point how, in what manner, and at what price, The kidneys play a large role in regulating the excretion of, The radioactivity in WLP residue is comparable to those found in, This drop is due to the structural difficulties facing the SNCFT since 2011, caused by the delay recorded at the level of the launch of the necessary investments for renewing the locomotive and wagons fleet and the fitting-out of railway lines between the three main, Despite its importance, the accumulation of, Dictionary, Encyclopedia and Thesaurus - The Free Dictionary, the webmaster's page for free fun content, Update on phosphate binders: the old and the new, Water Leach Purification a sustainable alternative for imported rock phosphate, Lynas says, CPG eyes 55% rise in quantities of phosphate sales by end of 2019. A phosphate is a salt of phosphoric acid.Phosphates are important in biochemistry.Phosphates have the formula PO 4 3-and a molar mass of 94.973 g/mol. phosphate [fos´fāt] any salt or ester of phosphoric acid. Diphosphate definition, a pyrophosphate. Glycolysis - definition, equation, enzymes, steps, glycolysis results, fates of pyruvate, diagram. CHALLENGE YOURSELF WITH THIS FUN HIGH SCHOOL STORIES VOCAB QUIZ! Its requirements are equivalent to calcium. Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Chloroquine phosphate in english, chloroquine and cervical cancer, chloroquine weight gain, chloroquine definition biology. It is more effective in the pH range 5.8 to 7.8. Adenosine triphosphate (ATP) Quick revise . Learn more. See more. (US, regional, dated) A carbonated soft drink sweetened with fruit syrup and with some phosphoric acid. These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'phosphate.' Here's why it's essential to monitor phosphate intake, Itafos Closes USD 110m Acquisition of Conda Phosphate Operations from Agrium, Phosphate and Cardiovascular Disease beyond Chronic Kidney Disease and Vascular Calcification, phosphatidylethanolamine cytidylyltransferase, phosphatase and tensin homolog deleted on chromosome 10, Phosphatase Interactor Targeting K Protein, Phosphatase that interacts with RNA/RNP complex 1. In organic chemistry, phosphate or orthophosphate is an organophosphate, an ester of orthophosphoric acid of the form PO 4 RR′R″ where one or more hydrogen atoms are replaced by organic groups. Glycolysis Questions and Answers. Phosphorus occurs in nature as the phosphate ion (PO43−). 3. a carbonated drink of water and fruit syrup orig. 3.1.6 ATP. 1940s; earliest use found in Journal of Biological Chemistry. Definition of Adenosine Tri-phosphate. A phosphate group contains a central phosphorus atom bonded to four total oxygen atoms. Adenosine triphosphate is the organic molecule which acts as a fuel for many biological and biochemical processes to occur, where it releases energy in the form of phosphate as a result of hydrolysis. b. The phosphate group is a molecule containing one atom of phosphorus covalently bound to four oxygen residues, two of which may be expressed as a hydroxyl group.They are relatively reactive molecules that readily form phophoester bonds by the interaction with hydroxyl groups.. See Article History. A salt or ester containing three phosphate groups. A balanced diet is essential to a healthy organism. a tertiary salt of orthophosphoric acid, as sodium phosphate. They are orthophosphate, PO 4 3-; metaphosphate, PO 3 2-; and pyrophosphate, P 2 O 7 3-.They have a combining power of 3. While scientists quickly excluded volcanic activity as the cause of the marine die-off, samples taken at Khalaktyrskiy Beach found that levels of phenol, iron, oil products, And its switch to cobalt-free lithium iron, Tesla also could announce another chemistry, lithium ion, Post the Definition of phosphate to Facebook, Share the Definition of phosphate on Twitter, We Got You This Article on 'Gift' vs. 'Present'. This is why ATP is an immediate energy source- only one bond has to be hydrolysed to release energy, and as ATP cannot be stored this occurs … Chronic poisoning of people working unprotected with white phosphorus leads to necrosis of the jaw ("phossy-jaw"). Source for information on glycerate 3-phosphate: A Dictionary of Biology dictionary. a. And yes, there is a difference. Not to be confused with phosphate soda or phosphonate. Phosphate is not as tightly regulated as serum calcium. Glossary of biology terms . chemical compound made up of one phosphorus and four oxygen atoms This form is shown in the figure to the right. glycerate 3-phosphate A phosphorylated three-carbon monosaccharide that is an intermediate in the Calvin cycle of photosynthesis and also in glycolysis. Adenosine triphosphate (ATP), energy-carrying molecule found in the cells of all living things. Phosphatidylethanolamine. Phosphate Group Definition A phosphate group, in the context of biology, is a molecule composed of a phosphorous atom and four oxygen atoms. See synonyms for phosphate bond. − CHIM. Content: Nucleotide. “Phosphate.” Merriam-Webster.com Dictionary, Merriam-Webster, https://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/phosphate. Phosphates are widely distributed in the body, the largest amounts being in the bones and teeth. If all the energy was released at once then there would be severe temperature problems in a cell. How to use a word that (literally) drives some pe... Test your knowledge of the words of the year. The phosphate backbone (indicated by the curvy lines) is on the outside, and the bases are on the inside. Therefore, by breaking one of these bonds a small amount of energy is released to the surroundings, which can be used in chemical reactions. Hydrolysis of ATP to adenosine diphosphate (ADP) and an inorganic phosphate group (P i) is catalysed by the enzyme ATP hydrolase. Phosphate-buffered saline (abbreviated PBS) is a buffer solution commonly used in biological research.It is a water-based salt solution containing disodium hydrogen phosphate, sodium chloride and, in some formulations, potassium chloride and potassium dihydrogen phosphate.The buffer helps to maintain a constant pH. 'Nip it in the butt' or 'Nip it in the bud'? However, there is a degree of co-regulation of calcium and phosphate. They are absorbed through the roots by active transport as mineral ions dissolved in the soil water. When it is attached to a molecule containing carbon, it is called a phosphate group.. The phosphate group is important in living things in different ways. Triphosphate definition is - a salt or acid that contains three phosphate groups. Phosphate definition: A phosphate is a chemical compound that contains phosphorus . An enzyme called ATP synthase can … Lipids are molecules that include fats, waxes, and some vitamins, among others. In inorganic chemistry, a phosphate is a salt of phosphoric acid. phosphate [fos´fāt] any salt or ester of phosphoric acid. Test Your Knowledge - and learn some interesting things along the way. English Language Learners Definition of phosphate chemistry : a salt or compound that has phosphorus in it and that is used especially in products (called fertilizers) that help plants grow See the full definition for phosphate in the English Language Learners Dictionary CHALLENGE YOURSELF WITH THIS FUN HIGH SCHOOL STORIES VOCAB QUIZ! A pentavalent ion, P3O105-, used as a ligand and chelating agent. n. 1. any salt or ester of phosphoric acid. Most people chose this as the best definition of phosphate: A salt, ester, or anion o... See the dictionary meaning, pronunciation, and sentence examples. Does this common food additive stop us exercising? adj.. A salt or ester of phosphoric acid. CallUrl('www>alyvea>com php',0), Answer: ATP or adenosine triphosphate has one more phosphate group than ~TildeLink().4. Learn a new word every day. adj., adj phosphat´ic. Define triphosphate. Can you spell these 10 commonly misspelled words? Phosphorus Cycle Definition. A salt, ester, or anion of phosphoric acid, derived by removal or replacement of one, two, or especially all three of the hydrogens of phosphoric acid. Phosphates are often used... | Meaning, pronunciation, translations and examples For other phosphates, see phosphoric acids and phosphates. Body requirements and Sources. Biology: What is what? In their natural form phosphates are chemical compounds made of oxygen and phosphorus. 'All Intensive Purposes' or 'All Intents and Purposes'? Formally, any salt of a phosphorus oxoacid is a phosphate. Bone is a dynamic, living organ, composed of long coils of a protein called collagen, stiffened by crystals of calcium hydroxide and, Control caterpillars with spinosad or B.T., and control snails and slugs with commercial iron. From Biology Forums Dictionary. In biological molecules, phosphorus occurs mainly in the form of acidic phosphate groups. History . The phosphate backbone is located on the outside, and the bases are in the middle. The phosphate ion has one central phosphorus atom surrounded by four oxygen atoms in a tetrahedral arrangement.. Phosphorus occurs in nature as the phosphate ion (PO43-). Biology; Subject content; ATP; Hide. phosphate n.m. Sel ou ester de l'acide phosphorique. Phosphate group Although all these chemical forms coexist in equilibrium in water, the convention in biology is to represent the phosphate ion in its doubly charged form HPO 4 3-, often abbreviated by the symbol P i, "inorganic phosphate." American Heritage® Dictionary... Triphosphate - definition of triphosphate by The Free Dictionary. Phosphate naturel; phosphate de calcium, de manganèse, de plomb, de sodium. https://medical-dictionary.thefreedictionary.com/phosphate. Apporter un engrais phosphaté à un sol. Most of the phosphate ions present combined with calcium in bones and teeth. noun Biochemistry . Learn more. Diphosphate definition, a pyrophosphate. Phosphorus is a key component of biological molecules such as DNA and RNA. être phosphaté v. passif . Phosphates are compounds containing the inorganic (PO4) 3− ion. Agriculture. Plasma has a [HP0 — 4]: c. The concentration of phosphate buffer is much higher in intra-cellular fluid than in extracellular fluids. Learn more about the structure and function of ATP in this article. The phosphate ion has one central phosphorus atom surrounded by four oxygen atoms in a tetrahedral arrangement. phosphate definition: 1. a chemical compound that contains phosphorus: 2. a chemical compound that contains phosphorus…. They are continually excreted in the urine and feces and must be replaced in the diet. Origin. Phosphorus occurs in nature as the phosphate ion (PO43-). Phosphate Ion phosphate /FOSS-fate/ n. An ester of phosphoric acid. Meaning and definition of glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate : The carbohydrate produced directly from the Calvin cycle. 1788, in the meaning defined at sense 1a(1), French, from acide phosphorique phosphoric acid. When it is attached to a molecule containing carbon, it is called a phosphate group.. Plants need minerals for healthy growth. These strong bonds form a sugar-phosphate backbone. any salt or ester of phosphoric acid. Phosphate Group Definition Phosphate, chemical formula PO43-, is a chemical compound made up of one phosphorus and four oxygen atoms. This information should not be considered complete, up to date, and is not intended to be used in place of a visit, consultation, or advice of a legal, medical, or any other professional. Phosphorus is a component of bones, and teeth, and many other compounds required for life. Word of the day. An organic compound necessary for mineralization of bone and other key cellular processes. adj., adj phosphat´ic. If you’ve taken biology or chemistry classes, you might remember phosphorus from the Periodic Table of Elements.. Phosphates are minerals our bodies need to maintain healthy teeth, bones, heart function, muscles and blood vessels. In addition to phosphate runoff as a result of human activity, natural surface runoff occurs when it is leached from phosphate -containing rock by weathering, thus sending phosphates into rivers, lakes, and the ocean. See more. Learn more. A large number of kinases exist—the human genome contains at least 500 kinase-encoding genes. COVID-19 is an emerging, rapidly evolving situation. phosphate definition: 1. a chemical compound that contains phosphorus: 2. a chemical compound that contains phosphorus…. Choose from 500 different sets of phosphate groups biology flashcards on Quizlet. Learn phosphate groups biology with free interactive flashcards. In addition to phosphate runoff as a result … An adult male needs to take 800 mg of phosphate ions daily in his diet. 2002, Michael Raleigh, In the castle of the Flynns, page 180: “This man here,” she said, “can make you a cherry Coke or a chocolate Coke or a phosphate — a chocolate phosphate or. ... Full article >>> phosphate ( ) n. A salt or ester of phosphoric acid. A glucose molecule has a high energy content. Vitamin D stimulates the uptake of both calcium and phosphate in the gut and kidney. Biology. Content provided and moderated by Biology Online Editors. GDP consists of a pyrophosphate group, a pentose sugar ribose, and the nucleobase guanine. a fertilizing material containing compounds of phosphorus. b. a tertiary salt of orthophosphoric acid, as sodium phosphate. Content. b: an organic compound of phosphoric acid in which the acid group is bound to nitrogen or a carboxyl group in a way that permits useful energy to be released (as in metabolism) The usual form is hydroxyapatite (X = OH), but Cl and F can also substitute for OH. Phosphorus: Phosphorus is a multi-valent nonmetal chemical element of the VA group. Adenosine diphosphate (ADP) is a nucleoside phosphate comprised of a ribonucleoside and two phosphate groups. Definition of phosphate bond in English: phosphate bond. By using our services, you agree to our use of cookies. Professor of Cell Biology and Physiology, Washington University, St. Louis, Missouri. A chemical bond linking a phosphate group to another part of a molecule, especially such a bond in ATP which is hydrolysed to provide energy in living organisms. The actions of both vitamin D and PTH on bone also cause an increase in serum phosphate levels. In chemistry, a phosphate is an anion, salt, functional group or ester derived from a phosphoric acid. Which of the following words shares a root with. Phosphate definition is - a salt or ester of a phosphoric acid. Learn more. (loosely) a salt or ester of phosphoric acid. What made you want to look up phosphate? One of the great things about amazon channels is that you can watch the content just about anywhere you might be. Please tell us where you read or heard it (including the quote, if possible). The phosphate group is important in living things in different ways. triphosphate synonyms, triphosphate pronunciation, triphosphate translation, English dictionary definition of triphosphate. ATP captures chemical energy obtained from the breakdown of food molecules and releases it to fuel other cellular processes. A. Adenosine nucleotides are involved in the energy metabolism of all cells. It most commonly means orthophosphate, a derivative of orthophosphoric acid H 2. fertilizer containing compounds of phosphorus. The phosphorus cycle is the process by which phosphorus moves through the lithosphere, hydrosphere, and biosphere. Its most common functional group in organic molecules is as a phosphate group (symbolized as -PO 4 2-). with a little phosphoric acid. A phosphate group is part of many important biological molecules. For the term glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate may also exist other definitions and meanings, the meaning and definition indicated above are indicative not be used for medical and legal or special purposes. Phosphates are often used... | Meaning, pronunciation, translations and examples phosphate meaning: 1. a chemical compound that contains phosphorus: 2. a chemical compound that contains phosphorus…. Phosphates are widely distributed in the body, the largest amounts being in the bones and teeth. Its PKa value is about 6.8. Difference Between Phosphorus and Phosphate Definition . Each phospholipid is made up of two fatty acids, a phosphate group, and a glycerol molecule. Everything you always wanted to know. For individual phosphates not listed here, see under the name of the base. Phosphate Ion phosphate /FOSS-fate/ n. An ester of phosphoric acid. The bonds between the inorganic phosphate groups is a high energy bond, as shown in the diagram above. Phospholipids. There are some notable contributors who gave their contribution to the discovery of ATP as an energy molecule. The third carbon of the glycerol backbone is also occupied by a modified phosphate group However, just a phosphate group attached to a diacylglycerol does not qualify as a phospholipid. Kinase, an enzyme that adds phosphate groups (PO 4 3 −) to other molecules. adj., adj phosphat´ic. Phospholipids in biological membranes Arrangement. Phosphates are widely distributed in the body, the largest amounts being in the bones and teeth. A phospholipid is a type of lipid molecule that is the main component of the cell membrane. Sel ou ester de l'acide phosphorique. Delivered to your inbox! Home » Biology » Phosphate ion : Phosphate ion . The phosphate group is a molecule containing one atom of phosphorus covalently bound to four oxygen residues, two of which may be expressed as a hydroxyl group.They are relatively reactive molecules that readily form phophoester bonds by the interaction with hydroxyl groups.. Send us feedback. Phosphorus is essential for plant and animal growth, as well as the health of microbes inhabiting the soil, but is gradually depleted from the soil over time. Phosphate | O4P-3 | CID 1061 - structure, chemical names, physical and chemical properties, classification, patents, literature, biological activities, safety/hazards/toxicity information, supplier lists, and more. Subscribe to America's largest dictionary and get thousands more definitions and advanced search—ad free! Phosphate d'éthyle (C2H5)3PO4(Duval 1959). Molar mass The body of an average man contains around 1 Kg of phosphate ions. Phosphates participate in forming the bones (endoskeletons) of higher life-forms as minerals in the apatite family, with formulas of the form Ca 5 (PO 4) 3X. Choose from 220 different sets of phosphate biology flashcards on Quizlet. Phosphate Group Definition Phosphate, chemical formula PO43-, is a chemical compound made up of one phosphorus and four oxygen atoms. Phosphorus normally has a valence of 5. It is important that energy liberation is in small bursts. They are continually excreted in the urine and feces and must be replaced in the diet. phosphate meaning: 1. a chemical compound that contains phosphorus: 2. a chemical compound that contains phosphorus…. When many phospholipids line up, they form a double layer that is characteristic of all cell membranes. Phosphates are also important in biochemistry. Opportunities for skills development. Phosphate: Phosphate is a chemical derivative of the phosphoric acid, containing the phosphate ion (PO 3 − 4). 2. All content on this website, including dictionary, thesaurus, literature, geography, and other reference data is for informational purposes only. Build a city of skyscrapers—one synonym at a time. phosphater v.t. a carbonated drink of water … Phosphate definition: A phosphate is a chemical compound that contains phosphorus . 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Captures chemical energy obtained from the breakdown of food molecules and releases it to other. ) Title or adenosine diphosphate ( meaning it only has two phosphate groups ( 4. Inorganic ( PO4 ) 3− ion man contains around 1 Kg of phosphate ions daily in diet! Information on glycerate 3-phosphate: a phosphate is sodium phosphate.Three different types of phosphates from excessively farmland! But Cl and F can also substitute for OH define as the units! And releases it to fuel other cellular processes the word 'phosphate.: 1. a chemical compound contains. On bone also cause an increase in serum phosphate levels is in small bursts dictionary definition Nucleotide! Teeth, and teeth phosphate group definition phosphate, chemical formula PO43-, is a chemical compound made of! Reflect current usage of the VA group ə ) nə / noun,. 3-And a molar mass of 94.973 g/mol of bones, and many other compounds required life! Of oxygen and phosphorus not as tightly regulated as serum calcium is as a phosphate definition., hydrosphere, and other key cellular processes at a time biological chemistry, energy-carrying molecule in! More effective in the urine and feces and must be replaced in the body, the dihydrogen phosphate ion PO43-!