Thus, the autrocratic monarchy, defective administration, extravagant expenditure formed the political cause of the French Revolution. France was a land with a minority ruling class of nobility that had contempt for the common people and their suffering. The three main causes of French revolution are as follows: 1. The Nobility was regarded as the Second Estate in the French Society. It marked a turning point in the history of humankind. The Outbreak of the French Revolution Solution: The outbreak of the French revolution took place due to culmination of social, political, intellectual and economic factors. French Revolution Major Causes. Third estates protested against this proposal but as each estate have one vote, the king rejected this appeal. The French Revolution is one of the most significant and famous events of world history. The Revolution began in 1789 and ended in the late 1790s. The clergy and the nobility formed the first two Estates and were the most privileged classes in the French society. She always enjoyed luxurious and extravagant life. So they influenced the people for revolution. The French Monarchs had unlimited power and they declared themselves as the “Representative of God”. He was not able to harmonize the conflicting parties at court to arrive at coherent economic policies. NCERT 9th Class (CBSE) Social Science: The French Revolution: Short / Long Answers, Multiple choice questions for NCERT 9th Class (CBSE) Social Science: The French Revolution - The French Revolution was a period of far-reaching social and political upheaval in France and its … Content Guidelines 2. The three main causes of French revolution are as follows: 1. Causes of French Revolution: Political, Social and Economic Causes! Immediate Causes: On 5 may, 1789, Louis XVI called together an assembly of Estates General to pass proposals for new taxes. Social Cause 3. Economic Cause. Political Cause: During the eighteen the Century France was the centre of autocratic monarchy. The French Revolution is one of the most influential events in world history. France - France - The causes of the French Revolution: In an immediate sense, what brought down the ancien régime was its own inability to change or, more simply, to pay its way. The society was strongly divided by the status of the individuals and groups. All Rights Reserved. Louis XIV (1643-1715) of the Bourbon Dynasty was a powerful monarch. The economic instability formed one of the most important causes of the French Revolution. Take this quiz and test your knowledge! In other words we can say that following were the chief causes of the French Revolution: (a) Social Causes - On the eve of the revolution, the French society was ridden with several inequalities. The people revolted against the cruel regime of monarchy. There were various reasons for it. Before his death he cried-‘After me the Deluge’. French support for the war was expensive costing 1.066 million French livres, a huge sum at the time. Louis XV (1715-1774) succeeded Louix XIV He was a ‘butterfly monarch’. Undoubtedly, the French Revolution sprang from a combination of intellectual ferment and material grievances. The situation in France worsened when poor harvests caused the price of flour to increase dramatically, which in turn raised the price of bread. I read full article. This revolution put forward the ideas of liberty, fraternity, and equality. Download NCERT Chapters and Books in pdf format. French reality fermented with the intellectual revolution of the Enlightenment to produce a social and above all an intellectual one. They managed the churches, monasteries and educational institutions of France. In order to pass the proposal to raise taxes Louis XVI called an assembly of the Estates General. The revolution would go on to affect the history of France and the whole of Europe in an unprecedented way that no other event was ever able to. The series of events started by the middle class shaken the upper classes. There were various reasons which brought about the Revolution. But, representatives fro… A decade of extreme weather conditions and poor harvests took a toll on the poor peasants of France, who were struggling to survive day to day. Question 1. 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CBSE class 9 Social Science Chapter 1 History-The French Revolution notes in PDF are available for free download in myCBSEguide mobile app. The Clergy was sub­divided into two groups i.e. Easy to print and read. Educative, it really exposes an A-level student to real history and the basic approach to questions of the same, great synopsis of the troubled times in France…can’t help but notice how much of it dovetails with present day America. Undoubtedly, the French Revolution sprang from a combination of intellectual ferment and material grievances. T’was a great source. They paid no attention towards their subjects. Excellent article. However, these notes should be used only for references and additions/modifications should be made as per the requirements. PALACE OF VERSAILLES 17. The French society before 1789 is referred to as the Ancien Régime. ... •POLITICAL CAUSES 14. The Third Estate formed a heterogenous class. A) Political causes - The political condition in France was grave due to following political aspects - 1) Despotic rule of Burbo dynasty - From 1553 there was depotic rule of Burbo dynasty in … They also did not pay any tax to the king. And, because the queen was Austrian not French did not help the monarchy's cause. PALACES 16. But they did not enjoy the same privileges as the Court nobles enjoyed. •What were the political, economic,religious, social, and intellectual causes of the French Revolution? The series of events started by the middle class shaken the upper classes. the French economic crises. Louis XV fought the Seven Years War against England which brought nothing for France. The revolution occurred in 1789 and swept away the existing political institutions, overthrew the French Monarchy and aimed at establishing an egalitarian society and responsible government. - Long years of war drained the financial resources of France. The doctors, lawyers, teachers, businessmen, writers and philosophers belonged to this class. He also advised the king to impose taxes on every classes of the society. People started gathering and they started breaking a number of government buildings in search of arms. It marked a turning point in the history of humankind. He participated in many wars. NCERT Solutions for Class IX History are given for the students so that they can get to know the answers to the questions in case they are not able to find it. “Ideas of liberty and democratic rights were the most important legacy of the French Revolution”. Moreover, both Louis XV and his grandson were aware of anti-monarchist forces that were threatening their family’s rule but they were unable to stop them. 2. The bourgeoisie were the rich men and women of the Third Estate who started to become influential in the years leading to the revolution. In 1789, in the wake of early morning, the city of Paris was in a state of alarm. There were various reasons which brought about the Revolution. He was an efficient, hard-working and confident ruler. Political Cause 2. How well do you remember it? Many histories of the French Revolution, beginning with those written in the era itself, assumed, almost axiomatically, that the ideas of the philosophes had caused the “coming” of the event. I’m writing a 15 page paper about the french revolution and this was a excellent source. Social Cause 3. If you continue to use this site we will assume that you accept their use. The First Estate in France, or the clergy, owned 10% of the land though it comprised less than 0.5% of the population. The French Revolution: The Big Picture The French Revolution was both destructive and creative: • It was an unprecedented effor t to break with the past and to forge a new state and new national community based on the principles of liberty, equality, and fraternity. NCERT Book Solutions For Class 9 History Chapter 1. They did not pay any heed towards the problems of the common people of their areas. After analysis of the previous 3 years’ examination papers, it is concluded that the following topics are the most important concepts from this chapter and should be focussed upon. the higher clergy and the lower clergy. Copyright @ Turiya Infotainment Private Limited. Several French ministers, including Anne Robert Jacques Turgot and Jacques Necker, proposed revisions to the French tax system so as to include the nobles as taxpayers. Solutions of CBSE (NCERT) History Textbook . The clergy and the nobility formed the first two Estates and were the most privileged classes in the French society. You have entered an incorrect email address! . Copies of these textbooks may be downloaded and used as textbooks or for reference. Causes of French Revolution: Social cause (French … Q1: Describe the circumstances leading to outbreak of revolutionary protest in France. Jesus Christ, the central figure of Christianity, has been depicted numerous times in paintings during the course of western art. Social Cause 3. Of course, there are many political, economic, and social causes leading to this sudden political advancement in France. You can’t imagine how much this place helped me thank you very much. They had the wealth and social status. But due to this policy, the national debt of France increased from 300,000,000 to 600,000,000 Franks only in three years. There were various reasons for it. They paid the taxes like Taille, Tithe and Gable. • The revolution began on 14th July, 1789 with the storming of the fortress-prison, the Bastille. class 9 NCERT solutions for History Chapter 1 The French Revolution. He published a report on the income and expenditure of the State in order to arouse the people. Inspite of this, the clergies and the nobles employed them in their fields in curve. • The French Monarchy: - 1775 - 1793 • Louis XVI & Marie Antoinette 15. This led to a severe winter in Europe in 1784 and the following summers included extreme droughts that caused poor harvests and famine. • 5th May 1789 - Louis XVI called together an assembly of the Estates General to pass proposals for new taxes. The French Revolution was a period in France when the people overthrew the monarchy and took control of the government. In this situation, the king at last summoned the States General. Following were the social, economic, political and intellectual causes of the French Revolution: Social - The social conditions in France in late 18th century were extremely unequal and exploitative. Lasting from 1789 to 1799, it resulted, among other things, in overthrowing the monarchy in France. He adapted the policy of borrowing in order to meet the expenditure of the royal court. - Long years of war drained the financial resources of France. The Nobility was also sub divided into two groups-the Court nobles and the provincial nobles. The deeper causes for its collapse are more difficult to establish. Before sharing your knowledge on this site, please read the following pages: 1. How well do you remember it? The bourgeoisie resented the position of the First and the Second Estate, which they believed was derived from their efforts. A combination of intellectual ferment and material grievances resented the position of the world during the 19th the. Upper classes of intellectual ferment and material grievances monarchy and took control the. Words | 5 Pages XVI appointed Turgot as his Finance Minister of France during the 19th and the formed. For its collapse are more difficult to establish French Monarchs engaged themselves in luxurious and extravagance expensive! 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